Civil Law

There is a time limit on starting civil proceedings.

For all compensation claims legal proceedings have to be started within 3 years for negligence and 6 years for assault. Time doesn’t run for children until they are 18 so strictly time runs out at either the age of 21 or 24. This means that an abuser under the present law escapes all liability at civil law after the victim reaches the age of 24. This is thus a law which is tantamount to encouraging the suppression of disclosure by the victim through intimidation or the like, which is all too common in these types of case.

Therefore in child abuse cases, time starts on the victim reaching the age of 18. In the case of negligence, the case must be started before the victim is 21, in the case of assault before s/he is 24. There are attempts to change this in the case of child abuse, but, for the moment, anyone who is over 21 or 24 cannot bring civil proceedings relating to abuse that happened before the age of 18.

HAVOCA believe this law to be unfair, in some Canadian states there is no time limit at all for claims of child abuse. The suggested change in the law has been brought about because it was disapproved by the European Court of Human Rights in a case called Stubbings v United Kingdom (1997).

Civil proceedings will not usually punish the offender but will make an order for payment for pain and suffering, loss of earnings, costs of treatment etc. It is a step victims might want to take against the employer of an abuser who abused the position of trust such employment gave him (e.g. Religious organizations, education authorities, social services etc). It is also possible to do this in addition or instead of criminal proceedings. The standard of proof is much lower than in criminal cases. The court decides on the balance of probability – it’s more likely than not that one side’s version of events is correct, rather than being absolutely convinced. Although anyone can start civil proceedings, it is very advisable to have a lawyer (ACAL will help). S/he will need to be paid either by yourself or through Legal Aid, if you’re eligible for this.


You will be called the plaintiff, the abuser/organisation will be called the defendant. Your solicitor will take a statement from you and will draft an affidavit – a sworn statement, which you will then be asked to swear to, usually in front of another solicitor.

S/he will also collect other evidence on your behalf, e.g. social services reports, statements from witnesses, medical reports etc.

At the same time, a writ will be issued which will state your case and will be served on the defendant. It is important to remember that all evidence is available to the defendant, and that all the defendant’s evidence is available to you before the hearing. This is to enable people to settle before the court hearing and save costs.

There may be a number of pre-trial hearings relating to evidence and other matters. Some of these you might have to attend. They usually take place in front of a judge with either side presented by their solicitors or barristers.

Civil trials are tried in front of a judge. It is s/he who makes the decision based on the evidence before them. You and other witnesses will have to give your evidence and are cross-examined.

When all evidence has been presented, the judge will make her/his decision. If the court decides in favour of the plaintiff, they will usually make an award of money. The ‘losing’ party is generally ordered to pay the legal costs of the ‘winning’ party. However, each party is initially responsible for their own costs. Civil proceedings can be extremely expensive.

3 Responses to Civil Law

  1. nic says:

    I was abused and pushed out a window when I was around 7, it hunts me every day, your held captive in your own head!
    My thought on the laws about procedures of child abuse are horrific, life’s been turned into limits from the suffering you go through, the thought of death is appealing because dead don’t hurt!

    • blanchas says:

      Yes, the law is unforgiving, especially because adults who have been severely abused still have symptoms such as scars and mental illness or addictions. A counselor I saw for 12 years should have removed me from the home where I had been badly neglected and abused. I was 15 or 16 years old and the counselor didn’t do this because my parents paid him good money to offer me counseling, too shut me up. The counselor told me he didn’t want to forego my parents’ wage. The counselor was also the reason I didn’t deal with the police. I approached the police once on my own and they turned me away. I felt discouraged. This was the 1970s and parents in Canada could do whatever they wanted to their kids and get away with it. You probably couldn’t kill your kid but you could make it seem as if he’d disappeared. I was unwanted and my parents tried to get rid of me on a number of occasions. I spent most of my time crying.

  2. Jennifer Solberg says:

    My childhood abuse has ruined my entire adult life and there is nothing I can do. Murdering me would have been more humane.

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